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SymbolNameTickerScoreMore informationBuy this stock
bayer-ag-logoBayer AktiengesellschaftFRA:BAYN

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sartorius-ag-(preference)-logoSartorius AktiengesellschaftFRA:SRT3

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deutsche-pfandbriefbank-ag-logoDeutsche Pfandbriefbank AGFRA:PBB

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The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (FRA)

The beginnings of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (FRA) can be dated back to trade fairs during the medieval times in the 11th century. By the 1500s, Frankfurt had become a bustling city with active trade and many financial services. In 1585, merchants in Frankfurt decided to establish a stock market to set regulated currency exchange rates for trading purposes. This is considered to be the beginning of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange (FRA).

The FRA has virtually all of the turnover in Germany, approximately 90%, and a substantial share of the turnover in Europe. This is not a surprise as Germany is the largest economy in Europe and the fourth-largest economy in the world, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $3.9 trillion in 2019. The FRA’s market cap as of May 2020 is approximately $1.7 trillion.

Which stock exchange is FRA?

The stock ticker FRA stands for The Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The Frankfurt Stock Exchange (FRA) is Germany’s largest stock exchange and the twelfth largest in the world by market cap. The FRA is owned by Deutsche Borse and is home to several indices, such as the DAX and Euro Stoxx 50

What is Frankfurt Stock Exchange called?

Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (FWB®, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange) is one of the world’s largest trading centres for securities. With a share in turnover of around 90 per cent, it is the largest of Germany’s seven stock exchanges. Deutsche Börse AG operates the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, an entity under public law.

How do I buy shares in Frankfurt Stock Exchange?

To trade at Frankfurt Stock Exchange you need an account at your bank or online broker like eToro. There are over 1,4 million securities tradeable such as stocks, bonds, ETFs, ETCs, ETNs, funds, warrants and certificates. German stocks are now more accessible than ever to American & other worldwide investors.

Larger German companies often cross-list their stock in the United States as “American Depository Receipts,” or ADRs. Those type of stocks are easy to be bought, just like any other U.S. stock that you can find for example on the New York Stock Exchange or AMEX.

It is also possible to buy shares in an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that holds a basket of German stocks. In our opinion, the best option is to choose for a broker which provides access to the German stock exchange. In this case you can buy and sell German shares directly on the FRA.

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Step 1: choosing for a stock or index fund

The first step is to look at your own investment needs, what are you going to choose? Most investors choose for German stocks or a German ETF(s). An exchange-traded fund (ETF) is an investment fund that buys assets and then issues shares to the public, which trade on the stock exchange like any other stock. Several ETFs operate as “index funds” – they hold baskets of German stocks to provide exposure to the overall German stock market.

This diversification tends to lessen volatility and avoid losses due to problems which occur only at one specific company. For example, the iShares MSCI Germany Index Fund (NYSE: EWG) is designed to track the MCSI index of German stocks.

Step 2: start with your due diligence

Decide what German companies to invest in. Germany has a large and complex modern economy, integrated into the European Union’s larger economy. Besides the same kinds of background investigations on specific German companies that you would perform on an American company, research the macro state of the German, European and world economies, and think about what companies will do well in that environment in the future.

Step 3: mind the fact that you can choose for a ADR

Consider ADRs of German stocks. ADRs are foreign stocks deposited with a trustee in the U.S. and traded on the American stock exchanges just like any American stock. Only a few very large German companies such as Siemens (NYSE: SI), Deutsche Bank (NYSE: DB), and Deutsche Telekom (NYSE: DT), the parent company of T-Mobile, go to the regulatory trouble of cross-listing their stocks on exchanges in the U.S.

Other German ADR stocks like Adidas (OTC: ADDYY) and Volkswagen (OTC: VLKAY) trade over-the-counter on the “pink sheets”; that is, they are not listed on a stock exchange, but sold directly from broker to broker. Check with your broker to see whether you can purchase OTC stocks in your account.

Step 4: compare & open an account with a online broker

Open an account with a online broker that provides access to the German stock exchanges. If the stock you’re interested in isn’t available in the U.S. as an ADR, you must buy it directly on the German exchange. Many brokers, particularly larger ones, offer their clients the ability to trade German stocks directly on the German stock exchanges.

Check our comparator for brokers with access to the German exchanges, you can buy and sell the many smaller German stocks that aren’t available in the U.S. as ADRs. 

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Market cap
$49.41B
Medical
Our score
9.3
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2
Market cap
€116.38B
Industrials
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9.0
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Market cap
$122.63B
Auto/Tires/Trucks
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8.7
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Market cap
€79.05B
Communication Services
Our score
8.3
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5
Market cap
€12.51B
Basic Materials
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8
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Is Frankfurt Stock Exchange Open now?

The Frankfurt Stock Exchange is open Monday through Friday from 9:00am to 5:30pm Central European Standard Time (GMT+01:00).

How many stock exchanges are in Germany?

There are 8 exchanges located within Germany. Almost all of them can trade stocks on different capacity and methods. Many counters are primarily listing at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and some are co-listing at XETRA.

Where is the DAX located?

The DAX (Deutscher Aktienindex (German stock index)) is a stock market index consisting of the 40 major German blue chip companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. It is a total return index. Prices are taken from the Xetra trading venue.

How do you trade in the German stock market?

The easiest way to invest in the whole German stock market is to invest in a broad market index. This can be done at low cost by using ETFs. On the German stock market you’ll find 4 indices which are tracked by ETFs. Besides these indices, 9 alternative indices are available.

What time is Premarket in Germany?

Yes, the Eurex Germany does have extended hours trading. The Pre-Trading Session is from 1:00am to 1:10am. The Post-Trading Session is from 10:00pm to 10:10pm. Shares can always be traded on the Eurex Germany during regular trading hours.

What is the difference between the Xetra and the Frankfurt stock exchange?

In order to prevent this, Deutsche Börse offers specialist trading via the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Here, too, trading today takes place via computers. The main difference to Xetra, however, is that additional specialists are involved in trading.

Is Xetra same as Frankfurt Stock Exchange?

Xetra is a trading technology platform that is operated by Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (FWB), the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. It offers electronic trading in stocks, funds, bonds, warrants, and commodities contracts.


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Frequently asked questions

At the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, private investors can buy and sell around 1.5 million securities of German and international issuers. This includes all German and many international stocks, funds, bonds as well as certificates and warrants.

  • Providing efficient, regulated and controlled trading venues
  • Bundling supply and demand and bringing them together
  • Ensuring the greatest possible transparency and equal treatment of investors
  • Publish market data, especially prices and sales figures
  • offer companies access to the capital market via securities for financing purposes

The Regulated Market is an organized market in the sense of the German Securities Trading Act (WpHG). This means that the admission requirements and follow-up obligations of the participants as well as the organisation of trading itself are regulated by law.

Admission under public law

An issuing company must undergo a public admission procedure before it can commence trading. Among other things:

  • The company must have existed for at least three years and issue at least 10,000 shares.
  • 25 percent of the shares must be in free float.
  • The company must submit an admission prospectus showing its balance sheets, income statement and cash flow statement for the past three years.
  • The language of publication is German, for foreign issuers also English.

Companies participating in the Regulated Market also have to fulfil post-admission obligations, such as the publication of their annual financial statements and an interim report for the first six months of the financial year.

Formerly Official and Regulated Market

On November 1, 2007, the previously existing subdivision of the organized admission segments into the Official and Regulated Markets was abolished with the Regulated Market. Securities that were admitted to the Regulated Market or the Official Market before 1 November 2007 have been considered admitted to the Regulated Market since 1 November 2007.

Companies in the Regulated Market can choose between the two segments Prime Standard and General Standard. For shares, the transparency requirements for the company depend on the selection of the segment.

There are over 1,4 million securities tradeable such as stocks, bonds, ETFs, ETCs, ETNs, funds, warrants and certificates. To trade at Frankfurt Stock Exchange you need an account at your bank or online broker. In most cases online brokers are cheaper then the trading service of your own bank. We recommend that you compare all online brokers before making your final choice.

The most chosen option by starting traders are online trading/Broker apps. If you were paying attention to the Gamestop controversy, then you might have heard about trading and broker apps like Robinhood. These apps are very popular, and allow anyone to begin trading almost immediately with no prior knowledge of investing or minimum investment amount. They can also be used on any device. Robinhood is especially popular in the United States but not optimal for the FRA.

The list of best trading apps in Germany include:

  • eToro
  • Trade Republic
  • Onvista
  • Smartbroker
  • Comdirect
  • Degiro
Pros and cons:
  • Eliminating the inclusion of a physical broker (and the fees that go with it)
  • Freedom to trade from wherever you are
  • Instant access to markets all over the world
  • Trading with real-time prices
  • Fast and simple depositing and withdrawing of funds
  • Comprehensive control of all trades
  • Ability to invest in multiple different options and financial products

However, there are also some downsides which you should be aware of:

  • Requires some technical knowledge to get started
  • Completely reliant on trading systems, which can go down periodically
  • Ease of use and trading without access to a broker can result in massive losses when inexperienced.
  • Being completely reliant on the internet to trade
The fees for transactions

Digital brokers and trading apps all have different fees and pricing structures. They are however usually among the cheapest options to start trading. Before you sign up, you should compare the options available to find out which has the lowest fees for the type of trading you want to do. If you’re investing for the long term and only plan to make deposits monthly, this likely won’t affect you too much. But if you’re planning on day-trading and making multiple trades per day, fees can quickly add up. Typical fees include:

  • Commission when placing an order or buying stock
  • Broker order fees
  • Stock exchange fees
Advantages
  • Strategic location in the centre of Europe;
  • Strong manufacturing base (almost a third of the GDP);
  • Infrastructure among the most developed in the European Union;
  • Strong exports (high range products and diversified clients);
  • Political stability and a good anchor in international relations;
  • The largest population of the European Union;
  • Advanced technology and expertise;
  • Highly qualified work force;
  • Consolidated public finances;
  • Competitive taxation.
Disadvantages
  • Eastern part of the Germany (former DDR) is struggling to catch up with the western part in many areas
  • German economy is highly dependant on exports, especially to China
  • Ageing infrastructure
  • Insufficient infrastructure for development of start-ups
  • Ageing population weighs heavily on growth
  • Lack of engineers
  • Unproductive service sector

Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDIGermany distinguishes itself with a business climate compliant with international standards and with transparency of its judicial system. The German Government is implementing measures aimed at encouraging investments including:

  • Grants for investments (Cash Incentives Program: GRW)
  • Grants for R&D for different research categories (fundamental research, industrial research, experimental development)
  • Grants for hiring personnel (programs focusing on recruitment support, training support, wage subsidies and on-the-job training)
  • Public loans
  • Public guarantees
Trading calendar 2021

Non-trading days at Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (FWB®, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange) in 2021 are:

  • 1 January (New Year’s Day)
  • 2 April (Good Friday)
  • 5 April (Easter Monday)
  • 24 May (Whit Monday)
  • 24 December (Christmas Eve)
  • 31. December (New Year’s Eve)
  • 1 June, 24 December and 31 December are settlement days in 2021.
Trading calendar 2022

On the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in 2022, trading will take place from Monday to Friday, except:

  • April 15 (Good Friday)
  • April 18 (Easter Monday)
  • December 26 (Boxing Day)
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Freddy Agard
Freddy Agard

Freddy Agard writes daily about financial products and specializes particularly in the equity markets. He is happy to tell you more and enjoys reducing complex material to manageable and understandable information. Questions? Leave a comment at the bottom of the page!

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